Appreciating Poetry



A. Poetic Devices
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE  :    Language using figures of speech and it cannot be taken literally.
IMAGERY    :                                      The representation through language of sense experience; language that appeals to the senses.
FIGURE OF SPEECH     :               Any way of saying something other than in an ordinary way.

figures of speech

List of common figures of speech :

  • SIMILE :    A comparison between two unlike things using words such as: like, as, than, similar to, resembles, etc.                          Example  :      Quiet as a mouse
  • METAPHOR :    An implied comparison between unlike things.
    Example  :    He’s a house.
  • ALLUSION :      A reference to something in history or literature.
      Example  :       She had a Cinderella wedding.
  • ALLITERATION  :   The repetition of initial sounds.
    Example  :  Seven steaks sizzled.
  • CONSONANCE :    The repetition of end consonant (every letter that is not a vowel) sounds.
     Example   : first and last, odds and ends, stroke of luck.
  • ASSONANCE  :     The repetition of vowel sounds.
    Example   : My words like silent raindrops fell.
  • PERSONIFICATION :  Giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea.                                                                                                     Example  :          The hours crawled by like years.
  • PARADOX                                     :          An apparent contradiction, which is nevertheless somehow true.
  • ONOMATOPOEIA                    :         “Sound words”; Words whose sound suggests their meaning.
    Example  :          buzz, click, snap, chop.
  • OXYMORON        :           The setting together, for effect, two words of opposite meaning.
    Example  : burning cold, screaming whisper.
  • OVERSTATEMENT     (or hyperbole)  :     An extreme exaggeration used for effect
    Example  :  I’ve told you a hundred times…; I’m starving; The suspense is killing me.
  • SYMBOL :         Roughly defined as something that means more than what it is.
    Example     :         A wedding ring is a symbol of commitment, love, honor, etc.                                                                                                                                               It is not just a ring. It’s shape (a circle) is also symbolic;                                                                                                                                                          A circle never ends and therefore the love is not supposed to.
  • PUN                            :                         play on words.
  • UNDERSTATEMENT          :            Saying less than what is meant, for effect.


 Poetry by Frost


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