A. Poetic Devices
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE : Language using figures of speech and it cannot be taken literally.
IMAGERY : The representation through language of sense experience; language that appeals to the senses.
FIGURE OF SPEECH : Any way of saying something other than in an ordinary way.
List of common figures of speech :
- SIMILE : A comparison between two unlike things using words such as: like, as, than, similar to, resembles, etc. Example : Quiet as a mouse
- METAPHOR : An implied comparison between unlike things.
Example : He’s a house.
- ALLUSION : A reference to something in history or literature.
Example : She had a Cinderella wedding.
- ALLITERATION : The repetition of initial sounds.
Example : Seven steaks sizzled.
- CONSONANCE : The repetition of end consonant (every letter that is not a vowel) sounds.
Example : first and last, odds and ends, stroke of luck.
- ASSONANCE : The repetition of vowel sounds.
Example : My words like silent raindrops fell.
- PERSONIFICATION : Giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea. Example : The hours crawled by like years.
- PARADOX : An apparent contradiction, which is nevertheless somehow true.
- ONOMATOPOEIA : “Sound words”; Words whose sound suggests their meaning.
Example : buzz, click, snap, chop.
- OXYMORON : The setting together, for effect, two words of opposite meaning.
Example : burning cold, screaming whisper.
- OVERSTATEMENT (or hyperbole) : An extreme exaggeration used for effect
Example : I’ve told you a hundred times…; I’m starving; The suspense is killing me.
- SYMBOL : Roughly defined as something that means more than what it is.
Example : A wedding ring is a symbol of commitment, love, honor, etc. It is not just a ring. It’s shape (a circle) is also symbolic; A circle never ends and therefore the love is not supposed to.
- PUN : play on words.
- UNDERSTATEMENT : Saying less than what is meant, for effect.